Pump and Dump in Crypto – BitcoinWiki

Bitcoin Red Team

The Bitcoin RED Team. Our goal is destabilization, chaos & decay of the Bitcoin crypto-currency. Once we have a solid foundation of team members the sub will be switched to private mode, so that we can execute our tactics behind closed doors. ETHEREUM is the next PUMP target, Bitcoin the next DUMP target. Execute strategy outlined in the private wiki (members have a link) using the ETHEREUM pump toolkit provided.


Join the conversation on a dynamic cryptocurrency that is advancing blockchain technology.

If you are a Crypto beginner - read this!

If you are new to investing into Cryptocurrencies this summary might help you.

Knowing basic terms:

You'll stumble across a lot of terms and expressions some are of technical & some of financial nature, for example:
It's also important to know what are some basic terms concerning investing in general:

Following Crypto News:

May it be our beloved cc, twitter, big new-sites like cointelegraph - stay up to date. Knowing what is going on in the sphere can give you an edge but also mind the saying "buy the rumor, sell the news"!

Having an investment strategy:

Strategies will help you to control your emotions - act as rational as possible.

Be prepared & don't get scammed:


This content was written and summarized by me. I'am hoping for helpful comments to add to this post.
submitted by Badeindi to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Crypto-Powered: Understanding Bitcoin, Ethereum, and DeFi

Crypto-Powered: Understanding Bitcoin, Ethereum, and DeFi
Until one understands the basics of this tech, they won’t be able to grasp or appreciate the impact it has on our digital bank, Genesis Block.
This is the second post of Crypto-Powered — a new series that examines what it means for Genesis Block to be a digital bank that’s powered by crypto, blockchain, and decentralized protocols.
Our previous post set the stage for this series. We discussed the state of consumer finance and how the success of today’s high-flying fintech unicorns will be short-lived as long as they’re building on legacy finance — a weak foundation that is ripe for massive disruption.
Instead, the future of consumer finance belongs to those who are deeply familiar with blockchain tech & decentralized protocols, build on it as the foundation, and know how to take it to the world. Like Genesis Block.
Today we begin our journey down the crypto rabbit hole. This post will be an important introduction for those still learning about Bitcoin, Ethereum, or DeFi (Decentralized Finance). This post (and the next few) will go into greater detail about how this technology gives Genesis Block an edge, a superpower, and an unfair advantage. Let’s dive in…

Bitcoin: The First Cryptocurrency

There are plenty of online resources to learn about Bitcoin (Coinbase, Binance, Gemini, Naval, Alex Gladstein, Marc Andreessen, Chris Dixon). I don’t wanna spend a lot of time on that here, but let’s do a quick overview for those still getting ramped up.
Cryptocurrency is the most popular use-case of blockchain technology today. And Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency to be invented.
Bitcoin is the most decentralized of all crypto assets today — no government, company, or third party can control or censor it.
Bitcoin has two primary features (as do most other cryptocurrencies):
  1. Send Value You can send value to anyone, anywhere in the world. Nobody can intercept, delay or stop it — not even governments or financial institutions. Unlike with traditional money transfers or bank wires, there are no layers of middlemen. This results in a process that is much more cost-efficient. Some popular use-cases include remittances and cross-border payments.
  2. Store Value With nothing but a smartphone, you can become your own bank and store your own funds. Nobody can seize your assets. The funds are digital and stored on a blockchain. Your money no longer needs to be stored at a bank, in a vault, or under your mattress. I covered a few inspiring use-cases in a previous post. They include banking the unbanked, protecting assets from government seizure, mitigating the risk of a bank run, and protection against hyperinflation (like what recently happened in Venezuela).
The fact that there are so few things one can do with Bitcoin is one of its greatest strengths.
Its design is simple, elegant, and focused. It has been 10+ years since Satoshi’s white paper and no one has been able to crack or hack the Bitcoin network. With a market cap of $170B, there is plenty of incentive to try.

Public Awareness

A few negative moments in Bitcoin’s history include the collapse of Mt. Gox — which resulted in hundreds of millions of customer funds being stolen — as well as Bitcoin’s role in dark markets like Silk Road — where Bitcoin arguably found its initial userbase.
However, like most breakthrough technology, Bitcoin is neither good nor bad. It’s neutral. People can use it for good or they can use it for evil. Thankfully, it’s being used less and less for illicit activity. Criminals are starting to understand that transactions on a blockchain are public and traceable — it’s exactly the type of system they usually try to avoid. And it’s true, at this point “a lot more” crimes are actually committed with fiat than crypto.
As a result, the perception of bitcoin and cryptocurrency has been changing over the years to a more positive light.
Bitcoin has even started to enter the world of media & entertainment. It’s been mentioned in Hollywood films like Spiderman: Into the Spider-Verse and in songs from major artists like Eminem. It’s been mentioned in countless TV shows like Billions, The Simpsons, Big Bang Theory, Gray’s Anatomy, Family Guy, and more.
As covid19 has ravaged economies and central banks have been printing money, Bitcoin has caught the attention of many legendary Wall Street investors like Paul Tudor Jones, saying that Bitcoin is a great bet against inflation (reminding him of Gold in the 1970s).
Cash App already lets their 25M users buy Bitcoin. It’s rumored that PayPal and Venmo will soon let their 325M users start buying Bitcoin. Bitcoin is by far the most dominant cryptocurrency and is showing no signs of slowing down. For more than a decade it has delivered on its core use-cases — being able to send or store value.
At this point, Bitcoin has very much entered the zeitgeist of modern pop culture — at least in the West.

Ethereum: Programmable Money

When Ethereum launched in 2015, it opened up a world of new possibilities and use-cases for crypto. With Ethereum Smart Contracts (i.e. applications), this exciting new digital money (cryptocurrency) became a lot less dumb. Developers could now build applications that go beyond the simple use-cases of “send value” & “store value.” They could program cryptocurrency to have rules, behavior, and logic to respond to different inputs. And always enforced by code. Additional reading on Ethereum from Linda Xie or Vitalik Buterin.
Because these applications are built on blockchain technology (Ethereum), they preserve many of the same characteristics as Bitcoin: no one can stop, censor or shut down these apps because they are decentralized.
One of the first major use-cases on Ethereum was the ability to mint and create your own token, your own cryptocurrency. Many companies used this as a way to fundraise from the public. This led to the 2017 ICO bubble (Initial Coin Offerings). Some tokens — and the apps/networks they powered — were fascinating and innovative. Most tokens were pointless. And many tokens were outright scams. Additional token reading from Fred Ehrsam, Balaji, and Naval.

Digital Gold Rush

Just as tokens grew in popularity in 2017–2018, so did online marketplaces where these tokens could be bought, sold, and traded. This was a fledgling asset class — the merchants selling picks, axes, and shovels were finally starting to emerge.
I had a front-row seat — both as an investor and token creator. This was the Wild West with all the frontier drama & scandal that you’d expect.
Binance — now the world’s largest crypto exchange —was launched during this time. They along with many others (especially from Asia) made it really easy for speculators, traders, and degenerate gamblers to participate in these markets. Similar to other financial markets, the goal was straightforward: buy low and sell high.
That period left an embarrassing stain on our industry that we’ve still been trying to recover from. It was a period rampant with market manipulation, pump-and-dumps, and scams. To some extent, the crypto industry still suffers from that today, but it’s nothing compared to what it was then.
While the potential of getting filthy rich brought a lot of fly-by-nighters and charlatans into the industry, it also brought a lot of innovators, entrepreneurs, and builders.
The launch and growth of Ethereum has been an incredible technological breakthrough. As with past tech breakthroughs, it has led to a wave of innovation, experimentation, and development. The creativity around tokens, smart contracts, and decentralized applications has been fascinating to witness. Now a few years later, the fruits of those labors are starting to be realized.

DeFi: Decentralized Finance

So as a reminder, tokens are cryptocurrencies. Cryptocurrencies can carry value. And value is a lot like money. Because tokens are natively integrated with Ethereum, it’s been natural for developers to build applications related to financial services — things like lending, borrowing, saving, investing, payments, and insurance. In the last few years, there has been a groundswell of developer momentum building in this area of financial protocols. This segment of the industry is known as DeFi (Decentralized Finance).
In Q2 of 2020, 97% of all Ethereum activity was DeFi-related. Total DeFi transaction volume has reached $11.5B. The current value locked inside DeFi protocols is approaching $2 Billion (double from a month ago). DeFi’s meteoric growth cannot be ignored.
Most of that growth can be attributed to exciting protocols like Compound, Maker, Synthetix, Balancer, Aave, dYdX, and Uniswap. These DeFi protocols and the financial services they offer are quickly becoming some of the most popular use-cases for blockchain technology today.
This impressive growth in DeFi certainly hasn’t come without growing pains. Unlike with Bitcoin, there are near-infinite applications one can develop on Ethereum. Sometimes bugs (or typos) can slip through code reviews, testing, and audits — resulting in loss of funds.
Our next post will go much deeper on DeFi.

Wrap Up

I know that for the hardcore crypto people, what we covered today is nothing new. But for those who are still getting up to speed, welcome! I hope this was helpful and that it fuels your interest to learn more.
Until you understand the basics of this technology, you won’t be able to fully appreciate the impact that it has on our new digital bank, Genesis Block. You won’t be able to understand the implications, how it relates, or how it helps.
After today’s post, some of you probably have a lot more questions. What are specific examples or use-cases of DeFi? Why does it need to be on a blockchain? What benefits does it bring to Genesis Block and our users?
In upcoming posts, we answer these questions. Today’s post was just Level 1. It set the foundation for where we’re headed next: even deeper down the crypto rabbit hole.
Other Ways to Consume Today's Episode:
We have a lot more content coming. Be sure to follow our channels: https://genesisblock.com/follow/
Have you already downloaded the app? We're Genesis Block, a new digital bank that's powered by crypto & decentralized protocols. The app is live in the App Store (iOS & Android). Get the link to download at https://genesisblock.com/download
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Want to start fresh after the crypto crash? Here is a comprehensive guide on how to invest and prosper over the long term.

Well its happened, the crypto market just experienced the worst crash since 2014, the bubble has burst. The idiocy of newbies FOMO-ing into anything with low nominal value lead to endless twitter timelines like this, and now nobody has any idea where the market settles. What do you do now?
In the following weeks it will be a good time to rethink your investment approach and how you arrive at your decisions. Just buying whatever is shilled on Twitter or Reddit and jumping from one crypto to another isn't going to work like it did these last two months.
The good news is that we're finally back closer and closer to our long term moving average which is much more healthy for entrants, the bad news is that the fear might continue compounding if outstanding issues are not dealt with. Tether is the big concern for me personally for reasons I've stated many times, but some relief in the short term may come if the SEC and CFTC meeting on February 6th goes well. Nobody really knows where the bottom is but I think we're now past the "irrational exhuberance" stage and we're entering a period of more serious inspection where cryptos will actually have to prove themselves as useful. I suspect hype artists like CryptoNick and John McAfee will fall out of favor.
But perhaps most importantly use this as a learning experience, don't try to point fingers now. The type of dumb behavior that people were engaging in that was rewarded in a bull market (chasing pumps, going all in on a shillcoin, following hype..etc) could only ever lead to what we are experiencing now. Just like so many people jumped on the crypto bandwagon during the bull run, they will just as quickly jump on whatever bandwagon is to be used to blame for the deflation of the bubble. Nobody who pumped money into garbage without any use case will accept that they themselves with their own investing behavior were the real reason for the gross overvaluation of most cryptocurrencies, and the inevitable crash.
So if you're looking for a fresh start after the massacre (or just want to get in now), here is a guide:

Part A: Making a Investment Strategy

This is your money, put some effort into investing it with an actual strategy. Some simple yet essential advice that should apply to everyone, regardless of individual strategy:
  1. Slow down and research each crypto that you're buying for at least a week.
  2. Don't buy something just because it has risen.
  3. Don't exit a position just because it has declined.
  4. Invest only as much as you can afford to lose.
  5. Prepare enter and exit strategies in advance.
First take some time to think about your ROI target, set your hold periods for each position and how much you are actually ready to risk losing.
ROI targets
A lot of young investors who are in crypto have unrealistic expectations about returns and risk. A lot of them have never invested in any other type of financial asset, and hence many seem to consider a 5-10% ROI in a month to be unexciting.
But its important to temper your hype and realize why we had this exponential growth in the last year and how unlikely it is that we see 10x returns in the next year. What we saw recently was Greater Fool Theory in action. Those unexciting returns of 5-10% a month are much more of the norm, and much more healthy for an alternative investment class.
You can think about setting a target in terms of the market ROI over a relevant holding period and then add or decrease based on your own risk profile.
Example: Calculating a 2 year ROI target
Lets say you want to hold for 2 years now, how could you set a realistic target to strive for? You could look at a historical 2 year return as a base, preferably during a period similar to what we're facing now. Now that we had a major correction, I think we can look at the two year period starting in 2015 after we had the 2014 crash. To calculate a 2 year CAGR starting in 2015:
Year Total Crypto Market Cap
Jan 1, 2015: $5.5 billion
Jan 1, 2017: $18 billion
Compounded annual growth return (CAGR): [(18/5.5)1/2]-1 = 81%
This annual return rate of 81% comes out to about 4.9% compounded monthly. This may not sound exciting to the lambo moon crowd, but it will keep you grounded in reality. You can aim for a higher return (say 2x of that 81% rate) if you choose to take on more risky propositions. I can't tell you what return target you should set for yourself, but just make sure its not depended on you needing to achieve continual near vertical parabolic price action in small cap shillcoins because that isn't sustainable.
Once you have a target you can construct your risk profile (low risk vs. high risk category coins) in your portfolio based on your target.
Risk Management
Everything you buy in crypto is risky, but it still helps to think of these 3 risk categories:
How much risk should you take on? That depends on your own life situation for one, but also it should be proportional to how much expertise you have in both financial analysis and technology.
The general starting point I would recommend is:
Some more core principles on risk management to consider:
You can think of each crypto having a risk factor that is the summation of the general crypto market risk (Rm), but also its own inherent risk specific to its own goals (Ri).
Rt = Rm +Ri
The market risk is something you cannot avoid, it is essentially the risk that is carried by the entire market over things like regulations. What you can minimize though the Ri, the specific risks with your crypto. That will depend on the team composition, geographic risks (for example Chinese coins like NEO carry regulatory risks specific to China), competition within the space and likelihood of adoption and other factors, which I'll describe in Part 2: Crypto Picking Methodology.
Portfolio Allocation
Along with thinking about your portfolio in terms of risk categories described above, I really find it helpful to think about the segments you are in. OnChainFX has some segment categorization but I generally like to bring it down to:
Think about your "Circle of Competence", your body of knowledge that allows you to evaluate an investment. Your ability to properly judge risk and potential is going to largely correlated to your understanding of the subject matter. If you don't know anything about how supply chains functions, how can you competently judge whether VeChain or WaltonChain will achieve adoption? If you don't understand anything about the tech when you read the Cardano paper, are you really able to determine how likely it is to be adopted?
Consider the historic correlations between your holdings. Generally when Bitcoin pumps, altcoins dump but at what rate depends on the coin. When Bitcoin goes sideways we tend to see pumping in altcoins, while when Bitcoin goes down, everything goes down.
You should diversify but really shouldn't be in much more than around 12 cryptos, because you simply don't have enough competency to accurately access the risk across every segment and for every type of crypto you come across. If you have over 20 different cryptos in your portfolio you should probably think about consolidating to a few sectors you understand well.

Part B: Crypto Picking Methodology (Due Dilligence)

Do you struggle on how to fundamentally analyze cryptocurrencies? Here is a 3-step methodology to follow to perform your due dilligence:

Step 1: Filtering and Research

There is so much out there that you can get overwhelmed. The best way to start is to think back to your own portfolio allocation strategy and what you would like to get more off. For example in my view enterprise-focused blockchain solutions will be important in the next few years, and so I look to create a list of various cryptos that are in that segment.
Upfolio has brief descriptions of the top 100 cryptos and is filterable by categories, for example you can click the "Enterprise" category and you have a neat list of VEN, FCT, WTC...etc.
Once you have a list of potential candidates, its time to read about them:
  • Critically evaluate the website. If it's a cocktail of nonsensical buzzwords, if its unprofessional and poorly made, stay away. Always look for a roadmap, compare to what was actually delivered so far. Always check the team, try to find them on LinkedIn and what they did in the past.
  • Read the whitepaper or business development plan. You should fully understand how this crypto functions and how its trying to create value. If there is no use case or if the use case does not require or benefit from a blockchain, move on.
  • Check the blockchain explorer. How is the token distribution across accounts? Are the big accounts selling? Try to figure out who the whales are (not always easy!) and what the foundation/founder account is based on the initial allocation.
  • Look at the Github repos, does it look empty or is there plenty of activity?
  • Search out the subreddit and look at a few Medium or Steem blogs about the coin. How "shilly" is the community, and how much engagement is there between developer and the community?
  • I would also go through the BitcoinTalk thread and Twitter mentions, judge both the length and quality of the discussion.
You can actually filter out a lot of scams and bad investments by simply keeping your eye out on the following red flags:
  • allocations that give way too much to the founder
  • guaranteed promises of returns (Bitcooonnneeeect!)
  • vague whitepapers filled with buzzwords
  • vague timelines and no clear use case
  • Github with no useful code and sparse activity
  • a team that is difficult to find information on

Step 2: Passing a potential pick through a checklist

Once you feel fairly confident that a pick is worth analyzing further, run them through a standardized checklist of questions. This is one I use, you can add other questions yourself:
Crypto Analysis Checklist
What is the problem or transactional inefficiency the coin is trying to solve?
What is the Dev Team like? What is their track record? How are they funded, organized?
How big is the market they're targeting?
Who is their competition and what does it do better?
What is the roadmap they created and how well have they kept to it?
What current product exists?
How does the token/coin actually derive value for the holder? Is there a staking mechanism or is it transactional?
Is there any new tech, and is it informational or governance based?
Can it be easily copied?
What are the weaknesses or problems with this crypto?
The last question is the most important.
This is where the riskiness of your crypto is evaluated, the Ri I talked about above. Here you should be able to accurate place the crypto into one of the three risk categories. I also like to run through this checklist of blockchain benefits and consider which specific properties of the blockchain are being used by the specific crypto to provide some increased utility over the current transactional method:
Benefits of Cryptocurrency
Decentralization - no need for a third party to agree or validate transactions.
Transparency and trust - As blockchain are shared, everyone can see what transactions occur. Useful for something like an online casino.
Immutability - It is extremely difficult to change a transaction once its been put onto a blockchain
Distributed availability - The system is spread on thousands of nodes on a P2P network, so its difficult to take the system down.
Security - cryptographically secured transactions provide integrity
Simplification and consolidation - a blockchain can serve as a shared ledger in industries where multiple entities previously kept their own data sources
Quicker Settlement - In the financial industry when we're dealing with post-trade settlement, a blockchain can drastically increase the speed of verification
Cost - in some cases avoiding a third party verification would drastically reduce costs.

Step 3: Create a valuation model

You don't need to get into full modeling or have a financial background. Even a simple model that just tries to derive a valuation through relative terms will put you above most crypto investors. Some simple valuation methods that anyone can do:
Probablistic Scenario Valuation
This is all about thinking of scenarios and probability, a helpful exercise in itself. For example: Bill Miller, a prominent value investor, wrote a probabilistic valuation case for Bitcoin in 2015. He looked at two possible scenarios for probabalistic valuation:
  1. becoming a store-of-value equal to gold (a $6.4 trillion value), with a .25% probability of occurring
  2. replacing payment processors like VISA, MasterCard, etc. (a $350 million dollar value) with a 2.5% probability
Combining those scenarios would give you the total expected market cap: (0.25% x 6.4 trillion) + (2.5% x 350 million). Divide this by the outstanding supply and you have your valuation.
Metcalfe's Law
Metcalfe's Law which states that the value of a network is proportional to the square of the number of connected users of the system (n2). So you can compare various currencies based on their market cap and square of active users or traffic. We can alter this to crypto by thinking about it in terms of both users and transactions:
For example, compare the Coinbase pairs:
Metric Bitoin Ethereum Litecoin
Market Cap $152 Billion $93 Billion $7.3 Billion
Daily Transactions (last 24hrs) 249,851 1,051,427 70,397
Active Addresses (Peak 1Yr) 1,132,000 1,035,000 514,000
Metcalfe Ratio (Transactions Based) 2.43 0.08 1.47
Metcalfe Ratio (Address Based) 0.12 0.09 0.03
Generally the higher the ratio, the higher the valuation given for each address/transaction.
Market Cap to Industry comparisons
Another easy one is simply looking at the total market for the industry that the coin is supposedly targeting and comparing it to the market cap of the coin. Think of the market cap not only with circulating supply like its shown on CMC but including total supply. For example the total supply for Dentacoin is 1,841,395,638,392, and when multiplied by its price in early January we get a market cap that is actually higher than the entire industry it aims to disrupt: Dentistry.
More complex valuation models
If you would like to get into more fleshed out models with Excel, I highly recommend Chris Burniske's blog about using Quantity Theory of Money to build an equivalent of a DCF analysis for crypto.
Here is an Excel file example of OMG done by Nodar Janashia using Chris' model .
You should create multiple scenarios with multiple assumptions, both positive and negative. Have a base scenario and then moderately optimistic/pessimistic and highly optimistic/pessimistic scenario.
Personally I like to see at least a 50% upward potential before investing from my moderately pessimistic scenario, but you can set your own safety margin.
The real beneficial thing about modelling isn't even the price or valuation comparisons it spits out, but that it forces you to think about why the coin has value and what your own assumption about the future are. For example the discount rate you apply to the net present utility formula drastically affects the valuation, and it reflects your own assumptions of how risky the crypto is. What exactly would be a reasonable discount rate? What about the digital economy you are assuming for the coin, what levers affects its size and adoption and how likely are your assumptions to come true? You'll be a drastically more intelligent investor if you think about the fundamental variables that give your coin the market cap you think it should hold.

Summing it up

The time for lambo psychosis is over. But that's no reason to feel down, this is a new day and what many were waiting for. I've put together in one place here how to construct a portfolio allocation (taking into consideration risk and return targets), and how to go through a systematic crypto picking method. I'm won't tell you what to buy, you should always decide that for yourself and DYOR. But as long as you follow a rational and thorough methodology (feel free to modify anything I said above to suit your own needs) you will feel pretty good about your investments, even in times like these.
Edit: Also get a crypto prediction ferret. You won't regret it.
submitted by arsonbunny to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

You can call you a Bitcoiner if you know/can explain these terms...

10 Minutes
10,000 BTC Pizza
2016 Blocks
21 Million
210,000 Blocks
51% Attack
Asic Boost
Bitcoin Cash
Bitcoin Improvement Proposal (BIP)
Bitcoin SV
Block height
Block reward
Bloom Filter
Brain Wallet
Change Address
Child pays for parent (CPFP)
Coinbase (not the exchange)
Coinmarketcap (CMC)
Colored Coin
Custodial Wallet
Craig Wright
David Kleinman
Difficulty adjustment
Difficulty Target
Dorian Nakamoto
Double spend
Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA)
Full Node
Gavin Andresen
Genesis Block
Getting goxed
Hard Fork
Hardware Wallet
Hierarchical Deterministic (HD) Wallet
Hot Wallet
Initial Coin Offering (ICO)
Initial Exchange Offering (IEO)
Light Node
Master Private Key
Master Public Key
Master Seed
Merkle Tree
Mining Farm
Mining Pool
Not your keys,...
Orphan block
Paper Wallet
Pieter Wuille
Private key
Proof of Stake (PoS)
Proof of Work (PoW)
Public key
Replace by Fee (RBF)
Roger Ver
Satoshi Nakamoto
Schnorr Signatures
Segregated Witness (Segwit)
Simplified Payment Verification (SPV)
Smart Contract
Soft Fork
Transaction Fees
TransactionId (Txid)
User Activated Soft Fork (UASF)
Wallet Import Format (WIF)
Watch-Only Address
List obviously not complete. Suggestions appreciated.
https://bitcoin.org/en/developer-glossary https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Main_Page https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCgo7FCCPuylVk4luP3JAgVw https://www.youtube.com/useaantonop
submitted by PolaT1x to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Best General RenVM Questions of January 2020

Best General RenVM Questions of January 2020

‌*These questions are sourced directly from Telegram
Q: When you say RenVM is Trustless, Permissionless, and Decentralized, what does that actually mean?
A: Trustless = RenVM is a virtual machine (a network of nodes, that do computations), this means if you ask RenVM to trade an asset via smart contract logic, it will. No trusted intermediary that holds assets or that you need to rely on. Because RenVM is a decentralized network and computes verified information in a secure environment, no single party can prevent users from sending funds in, withdrawing deposited funds, or computing information needed for updating outside ledgers. RenVM is an agnostic and autonomous virtual broker that holds your digital assets as they move between blockchains.
Permissionless = RenVM is an open protocol; meaning anyone can use RenVM and any project can build with RenVM. You don't need anyone's permission, just plug RenVM into your dApp and you have interoperability.
Decentralized = The nodes that power RenVM ( Darknodes) are scattered throughout the world. RenVM has a peak capacity of up to 10,000 Darknodes (due to REN’s token economics). Realistically, there will probably be 100 - 500 Darknodes run in the initial Mainnet phases, ample decentralized nonetheless.

Q: Okay, so how can you prove this?
A: The publication of our audit results will help prove the trustlessness piece; permissionless and decentralized can be proven today.
Permissionless = https://github.com/renproject/ren-js
Decentralized = https://chaosnet.renproject.io/

Q: How does Ren sMPC work? Sharmir's secret sharing? TSS?
A: There is some confusion here that keeps arising so I will do my best to clarify.TL;DR: *SSS is just data. It’s what you do with the data that matters. RenVM uses sMPC on SSS to create TSS for ECDSA keys.*SSS and TSS aren’t fundamental different things. It’s kind of like asking: do you use numbers, or equations? Equations often (but not always) use numbers or at some point involve numbers.
SSS by itself is just a way of representing secret data (like numbers). sMPC is how to generate and work with that data (like equations). One of the things you can do with that work is produce a form of TSS (this is what RenVM does).
However, TSS is slightly different because it can also be done *without* SSS and sMPC. For example, BLS signatures don’t use SSS or sMPC but they are still a form of TSS.
So, we say that RenVM uses SSS+sMPC because this is more specific than just saying TSS (and you can also do more with SSS+sMPC than just TSS). Specifically, all viable forms of turning ECDSA (a scheme that isn’t naturally threshold based) into a TSS needs SSS+sMPC.
People often get confused about RenVM and claim “SSS can’t be used to sign transactions without making the private key whole again”. That’s a strange statement and shows a fundamental misunderstanding about what SSS is.
To come back to our analogy, it’s like saying “numbers can’t be used to write a book”. That’s kind of true in a direct sense, but there are plenty of ways to encode a book as numbers and then it’s up to how you interpret (how you *use*) those numbers. This is exactly how this text I’m writing is appearing on your screen right now.
SSS is just secret data. It doesn’t make sense to say that SSS *functions*. RenVM is what does the functioning. RenVM *uses* the SSSs to represent private keys. But these are generated and used and destroyed as part of sMPC. The keys are never whole at any point.

Q: Thanks for the explanation. Based on my understanding of SSS, a trusted dealer does need to briefly put the key together. Is this not the case?
A: Remember, SSS is just the representation of a secret. How you get from the secret to its representation is something else. There are many ways to do it. The simplest way is to have a “dealer” that knows the secret and gives out the shares. But, there are other ways. For example: we all act as dealers, and all give each other shares of our individual secret. If there are N of us, we now each have N shares (one from every person). Then we all individually add up the shares that we have. We now each have a share of a “global” secret that no one actually knows. We know this global secret is the sum of everyone’s individual secrets, but unless you know every individual’s secret you cannot know the global secret (even though you have all just collectively generates shares for it). This is an example of an sMPC generation of a random number with collusion resistance against all-but-one adversaries.

Q: If you borrow Ren, you can profit from the opposite Ren gain. That means you could profit from breaking the network and from falling Ren price (because breaking the network, would cause Ren price to drop) (lower amount to be repaid, when the bond gets slashed)
A: Yes, this is why it’s important there has a large number of Darknodes before moving to full decentralisation (large borrowing becomes harder). We’re exploring a few other options too, that should help prevent these kinds of issues.

Q: What are RenVM’s Security and Liveliness parameters?
A: These are discussed in detail in our Wiki, please check it out here: https://github.com/renproject/ren/wiki/Safety-and-Liveliness#analysis

Q: What are the next blockchain under consideration for RenVM?
A: These can be found here: https://github.com/renproject/ren/wiki/Supported-Blockchains

Q: I've just read that Aztec is going to be live this month and currently tests txs with third parties. Are you going to participate in early access or you just more focused on bringing Ren to Subzero stage?
A: At this stage, our entire focus is on Mainnet SubZero. But, we will definitely be following up on integrating with AZTEC once everything is out and stable.

Q: So how does RenVM compare to tBTC, Thorchain, WBTC, etc..?
A: An easy way to think about it is..RenVM’s functionality is a combination of tBTC (+ WBTC by extension), and Thorchain’s (proposed) capabilities... All wrapped into one. Just depends on what the end-user application wants to do with it.

Q1: What are the core technical/security differences between RenVM and tBTC?A1: The algorithm used by tBTC faults if even one node goes offline at the wrong moment (and the whole “keep” of nodes can be penalised for this). RenVM can survive 1/3rd going offline at any point at any time. Advantage for tBTC is that collusion is harder, disadvantage is obviously availability and permissionlessness is lower.
tBTC an only mint/burn lots of 1 BTC and requires an on-Ethereum SPV relay for Bitcoin headers (and for any other chain it adds). No real advantage trade-off IMO.
tBTC has a liquidation mechanism that means nodes can have their bond liquidated because of ETH/BTC price ratio. Advantage means users can get 1 BTC worth of ETH. Disadvantage is it means tBTC is kind of a synthetic: needs a price feed, needs liquid markets for liquidation, users must accept exposure to ETH even if they only hold tBTC, nodes must stay collateralized or lose lots of ETH. RenVM doesn’t have this, and instead uses fees to prevent becoming under-collateralized. This requires a mature market, and assumed Darknodes will value their REN bonds fairly (based on revenue, not necessarily what they can sell it for at current —potentially manipulated—market value). That can be an advantage or disadvantage depending on how you feel.
tBTC focuses more on the idea of a tokenized version of BTC that feels like an ERC20 to the user (and is). RenVM focuses more on letting the user interact with DeFi and use real BTC and real Bitcoin transactions to do so (still an ERC20 under the hood, but the UX is more fluid and integrated). Advantage of tBTC is that it’s probably easier to understand and that might mean better overall experience, disadvantage really comes back to that 1 BTC limit and the need for a more clunky minting/burning experience that might mean worse overall experience. Too early to tell, different projects taking different bets.
tBTC supports BTC (I think they have ZEC these days too). RenVM supports BTC, BCH, and ZEC (docs discuss Matic, XRP, and LTC).
Q2: This are my assumed differences between tBTC and RenVM, are they correct? Some key comparisons:
-Both are vulnerable to oracle attacks
-REN federation failure results in loss or theft of all funds
-tBTC failures tend to result in frothy markets, but holders of tBTC are made whole
-REN quorum rotation is new crypto, and relies on honest deletion of old key shares
-tBTC rotates micro-quorums regularly without relying on honest deletion
-tBTC relies on an SPV relay
-REN relies on federation honesty to fill the relay's purpose
-Both are brittle to deep reorgs, so expanding to weaker chains like ZEC is not clearly a good idea
-REN may see total system failure as the result of a deep reorg, as it changes federation incentives significantly
-tBTC may accidentally punish some honest micro-federations as the result of a deep reorg
-REN generally has much more interaction between incentive models, as everything is mixed into the same pot.
-tBTC is a large collection of small incentive models, while REN is a single complex incentive model
A2: To correct some points:
The oracle situation is different with RenVM, because the fee model is what determines the value of REN with respect to the cross-chain asset. This is the asset is what is used to pay the fee, so no external pricing is needed for it (because you only care about the ratio between REN and the cross-chain asset).
RenVM does rotate quorums regularly, in fact more regularly than in tBTC (although there are micro-quorums, each deposit doesn’t get rotated as far as I know and sticks around for up to 6 months). This rotation involves rotations of the keys too, so it does not rely on honest deletion of key shares.
Federated views of blockchains are easier to expand to support deep re-orgs (just get the nodes to wait for more blocks for that chain). SPV requires longer proofs which begins to scale more poorly.
Not sure what you mean by “one big pot”, but there are multiple quorums so the failure of one is isolated from the failures of others. For example, if there are 10 shards supporting BTC and one of them fails, then this is equivalent to a sudden 10% fee being applied. Harsh, yes, but not total failure of the whole system (and doesn’t affect other assets).
Would be interesting what RenVM would look like with lots more shards that are smaller. Failure becomes much more isolated and affects the overall network less.
Further, the amount of tBTC you can mint is dependent on people who are long ETH and prefer locking it up in Keep for earning a smallish fee instead of putting it in Compound or leveraging with dydx. tBTC is competing for liquidity while RenVM isn't.

Q: I understand correctly RenVM (sMPC) can get up to a 50% security threshold, can you tell me more?
A: The best you can theoretically do with sMPC is 50-67% of the total value of REN used to bond Darknodes (RenVM will eventually work up to 50% and won’t go for 67% because we care about liveliness just as much as safety). As an example, if there’s $1M of REN currently locked up in bonded Darknodes you could have up to $500K of tokens shifted through RenVM at any one specific moment. You could do more than that in daily volume, but at any one moment this is the limit.Beyond this limit, you can still remain secure but you cannot assume that players are going to be acting to maximize their profit. Under this limit, a colluding group of adversaries has no incentive to subvert safety/liveliness properties because the cost to attack roughly outweighs the gain. Beyond this limit, you need to assume that players are behaving out of commitment to the network (not necessarily a bad assumption, but definitely weaker than the maximizing profits assumption).

Q: Why is using ETH as collateral for RenVM a bad idea?
A: Using ETH as collateral in this kind of system (like having to deposit say 20 ETH for a bond) would not make any sense because the collateral value would then fluctuate independently of what kind of value RenVM is providing. The REN token on the other hand directly correlates with the usage of RenVM which makes bonding with REN much more appropriate. DAI as a bond would not work as well because then you can't limit attackers with enough funds to launch as many darknodes as they want until they can attack the network. REN is limited in supply and therefore makes it harder to get enough of it without the price shooting up (making it much more expensive to attack as they would lose their bonds as well).
A major advantage of Ren's specific usage of sMPC is that security can be regulated economically. All value (that's being interopped at least) passing through RenVM has explicit value. The network can self-regulate to ensure an attack is never worth it.

Q: Given the fee model proposal/ceiling, might be a liquidity issue with renBTC. More demand than possible supply?A: I don’t think so. As renBTC is minted, the fees being earned by Darknodes go up, and therefore the value of REN goes up. Imagine that the demand is so great that the amount of renBTC is pushing close to 100% of the limit. This is a very loud and clear message to the Darknodes that they’re going to be earning good fees and that demand is high. Almost by definition, this means REN is worth more.
Profits of the Darknodes, and therefore security of the network, is based solely on the use of the network (this is what you want because your network does not make or break on things outside the systems control). In a system like tBTC there are liquidity issues because you need to convince ETH holders to bond ETH and this is an external problem. Maybe ETH is pumping irrespective of tBTC use and people begin leaving tBTC to sell their ETH. Or, that ETH is dumping, and so tBTC nodes are either liquidated or all their profits are eaten by the fact that they have to be long on ETH (and tBTC holders cannot get their BTC back in this case). Feels real bad man.

Q: I’m still wondering which asset people will choose: tbtc or renBTC? I’m assuming the fact that all tbtc is backed by eth + btc might make some people more comfortable with it.
A: Maybe :) personally I’d rather know that my renBTC can always be turned back into BTC, and that my transactions will always go through. I also think there are many BTC holders that would rather not have to “believe in ETH” as an externality just to maximize use of their BTC.

Q: How does the liquidation mechanism work? Can any party, including non-nodes act as liquidators? There needs to be a price feed for liquidation and to determine the minting fee - where does this price feed come from?
A: RenVM does not have a liquidation mechanism.
Q: I don’t understand how the price feeds for minting fees make sense. You are saying that the inputs for the fee curve depend on the amount of fees derived by the system. This is circular in a sense?
A: By evaluating the REN based on the income you can get from bonding it and working. The only thing that drives REN value is the fact that REN can be bonded to allow work to be done to earn revenue. So any price feed (however you define it) is eventually rooted in the fees earned.

Q: Who’s doing RenVM’s Security Audit?
A: ChainSecurity | https://chainsecurity.com/

Q: Can you explain RenVM’s proposed fee model?
A: The proposed fee model can be found here: https://github.com/renproject/ren/wiki/Safety-and-Liveliness#fees

Q: Can you explain in more detail the difference between "execution" and "powering P2P Network". I think that these functions are somehow overlapping? Can you define in more detail what is "execution" and "powering P2P Network"? You also said that at later stages semi-core might still exist "as a secondary signature on everything (this can mathematically only increase security, because the fully decentralised signature is still needed)". What power will this secondary signature have?
A: By execution we specifically mean signing things with the secret ECDSA keys. The P2P network is how every node communicates with every other node. The semi-core doesn’t have any “special powers”. If it stays, it would literally just be a second signature required (as opposed to the one signature required right now).
This cannot affect safety, because the first signature is still required. Any attack you wanted to do would still have to succeed against the “normal” part of the network. This can affect liveliness, because the semi-core could decide not to sign. However, the semi-core follows the same rules as normal shards. The signature is tolerant to 1/3rd for both safety/liveliness. So, 1/3rd+ would have to decide to not sign.
Members of the semi-core would be there under governance from the rest of our ecosystem. The idea is that members would be chosen for their external value. We’ve discussed in-depth the idea of L<3. But, if RenVM is used in MakerDAO, Compound, dYdX, Kyber, etc. it would be desirable to capture the value of these ecosystems too, not just the value of REN bonded. The semi-core as a second signature is a way to do this.
Imagine if the members for those projects, because those projects want to help secure renBTC, because it’s used in their ecosystems. There is a very strong incentive for them to behave honestly. To attack RenVM you first have to attack the Darknodes “as per usual” (the current design), and then somehow convince 1/3rd of these projects to act dishonestly and collapse their own ecosystems and their own reputations. This is a very difficult thing to do.
Worth reminding: the draft for this proposal isn’t finished. It would be great for everyone to give us their thoughts on GitHub when it is proposed, so we can keep a persistent record.

Q: Which method or equation is used to calculate REN value based on fees? I'm interested in how REN value is calculated as well, to maintain the L < 3 ratio?
A: We haven’t finalized this yet. But, at this stage, the plan is to have a smart contract that is controlled by the Darknodes. We want to wait to see how SubZero and Zero go before committing to a specific formulation, as this will give us a chance to bootstrap the network and field inputs from the Darknodes owners after the earnings they can make have become more apparent.
submitted by RENProtocol to RenProject [link] [comments]

Which type of curren(t) do you want to see(cy)? An analysis of the intention behind bitcoin(s). Part 3

Part 1
Part 2
So I have been subbed to /bitcoin since it had less than two thousand subs but haven't posted there in years. I think I took a break from researching bitcoin to take a foray into the world of conspiracy around 2014 and only got back in to it around the beginning of 2017 but with a bit of sense of skepticism and cynicism about everything. I think I returned to /bitcoin around that time but there had been a rift that had emerged in the community between those that said that bitcoin was censoring any discussion around big blocks but then also just censorship in general. This lead to the formation of /btc which became the main spot for big blockers to gather to talk about protocol development. Following the fork of Bitcoin Cash and SegWit (BTC) in August 2017 the camps were further divided when the fence sitters were denied their SegWit2x compromise. Many from the fence sitters then deferred back to the incumbent bitcoin as citing muh network effect, liquidity, and hashpower while some who felt betrayed by the failure of getting S2X through went to support BCH for some attempt at on chain scaling rather than through pegged side chains or Lightning Network.
Bitcoin cash initially went with a modest doubling of the blocksize to 2MB but implemented some other features like a new more rapidly adjusting difficulty algorithm to protect themselves against hashpower fluctuations from the majority chain. In about July of that year I had seen what I potentially thought was someone LARPing on /biz/ but screencapped, that segwit2x which was scheduled for november 2017 would be called off and then hashpower would switch to BCH causing congestion and chain death spiral on BTC and BCH would pump massively. I was partial to the idea as the game theory and incentives on a big block bitcoin should attract miners. About a month after SegWit2x was indeed called off while the BTC blockchain was hugely congested, BCH went through a violent pump reaching 0.5 BTC/BCH on a European exchange called Kraken while it also pumped ridiculously on American exchange coinbase. Shortly afterwards the market took a giant dump all over those people who bought the top and it has since retraced to roughly 30:1 or so now.
After that pump though BCH kind of gained some bagholders I guess who started to learn the talking points presented by personalities like Roger Ver, Jihan Wu, Peter Rizun and Amaury Sechet. Craig S Wright by this time had been outed as Satoshi but had in 2016 publicly failed to convince the public with the cryptographic proof he provided. To which he later published the article I don't have the courage to prove I am the bitcoin creator. In essence this allowed many to disregard anything he offered to the crypto community though his company nChain was very much interested in providing the technical support to scale what he saw as the true implementation of bitcoin. Following debate around a set of planned protocol upgrades between a bitcoin node implementation by his company nChain and the developers of another client Bitcoin ABC (adjustable block cap), the two parties both dug their heels in and wouldn't compromise.
As it became clear that a fork was imminent there was a lot of vitriol tossed out towards Wright, another big billionaire backer Calvin Ayre and other personalities like Roger Ver and Jihan Wu. Craig's credibility was disregarded because of his failure to provide convincing cryptographic proof but still people who wanted to pursue the protocol upgrades that nChain were planning (as it best followed their interpretation of the bitcoin white paper) pursued his variant, while others who followed the socia consensus deferred to the positions of their personalities like Wu, Ver, and Sechet but even developers from Ethereum and other protocols chimed in to convince everyone that CSW is a fraud. This was referred to as the hash war and was the first time that the bitcoin protocol had been contentiously hard forked.

Hashpower is the CPU cycles you can commit to the Proof of Work function in bitcoin and the majority will generate the longest chain as they have the most proof of work. To win the contentious hard fork legitimately and make sure your chain will always be safe going forward you need to maintain your version of the blockchain with 51% of the hashpower on the network and force the other parties to continue to spend money on building a blockchain that is never going to be inserted in to the majority chain. As well as this you need to convince exchanges that you have the majority chain and have them feel safe to accept deposits and withdrawals so that they don't lose money in the chaos. This is how it would play out if both parties acted according to the rules of bitcoin and the Nakamoto Consensus.

There was a lot of shit talking between the two parties on social media with Craig Wright making a number of claims such as "you split, we bankrupt you" "I don't care if there is no ability to move coins to an exchange for a year" and other such warnings not to engage in foul play.. To explain this aftermath is quite tedious so It might be better to defer to this video for the in depth analysis but basically Roger Ver had to rent hashpower that was supposed to be mining BTC from his mining farm bitcoin.com, Jihan Wu did the same from his Bitmain Mining Farm which was a violation of his fiduciary duty as the CEO of a company preparing for an IPO. In this video of a livestream during the hashwar where Andreas Brekken admits to basically colluding with exchange owners like Coinbase, Kraken (exchange Roger Ver invested in), Bitfinex and others to release a patched ABC client to the exchanges and introducing "checkpoints" in to the BCH blockchain (which he even says is arguably "centralisation") in order to prevent deep reorgs of the BCH blockchain.
>"We knew we were going to win in 30 mins we had the victory because of these checkpoints that we released to a cartel of friendly businesses in a patch so then we just sat around drinking beers all day".
By releasing a patched client that has code in it to prevent deep reorgs by having the client refer to a checkpoint from a block mined by someone who supported BCHABC if another group of hash power was to try to insert a new chain history, this cartel of exchanges and mining farm operators conspired in private to change the nature of the bitcoin protocol and Nakamoto Consensus. Since the fork there have been a number of other BCH clients that have come up that require funding and have their own ideas about what things to implement on the BCH chain. What began to emerge was actually not necessarily an intention of scaling bitcoin but rather to implement Schnorr signatures to obfuscate transactions and to date the ABC client still has a default blocksize of 2MB but advertised as 16MB.
What this demonstrates for BCH is that through the collusion, the cartel can immediately get a favourable outcome from the developers to keep their businesses secure and from the personalities/developers to work on obfuscating records of transactions on the chain rather than scaling their protocol. After the SegWit fork, many from the BCH camp alleged that through the funding to Blockstream from AXA and groups that tied to the Bilderbergs, Blockstream would be beholden to the legacy banking and would be a spoke and hub centralised model, so naturally many of the "down with central banks anarcho capitalist types" had gathered in the BCH community. Through these sympathies it seems that people have been susceptible to being sold things like coin mixing and obfuscation with developers offering their opinions about how money needs to be anonymous to stop the evil government and central banks despite ideas like Mises’ Regression Theorem, which claims that in order for something to be money in the most proper sense, it must be traceable to an originally non-monetary barter commodity such as gold.
What this suggests is that there is an underlying intent from the people that have mechanisms to exert their will upon the protocol of bitcoin and that if obfuscation is their first priority rather than working on creating a scalable platform, this demonstrates that they don't wish to actually be global money but more so something that makes it easier to move money that you don't want seen. Roger Ver has often expressed sentiments of injustice about the treatment of Silk Road found Ross Ulbricht and donated a large amount of money to a fund for his defence. I initially got in to bitcoin seeking out the Silk Road and though I only wanted to test it to buy small quantities of mdma, lsd, and mescaline back in 2011 there was all sorts of criminal activity on there like scam manuals, counterfeits, ID, Credit Card info, and other darknet markets like armoury were selling pretty crazy weapons. It has been alleged by Craig Wright that in his capacity as a digital forensics expert he was involved with tracing bitcoin that was used to fund the trafficking of 12-16 year olds on the silk road. There have been attempts at debunking such claims by saying that silk road was moderated for such stuff by Ulbricht and others, but one only has to take a look in to the premise of pizza gate to understand that there it may be possible to hide in plain site with certain code words for utilising the market services and escrow of websites like the silk road. The recent pedo bust from South Korea demonstrates the importance of being able to track bitcoin transactions and if the first thing BCH wanted to do after separating itself from Satoshi's Vision and running on developer and cartel agendas was to implement obfuscation methods, this type of criminal activity will only proliferate.
Questions one must ask oneself then are things like why do they want this first? Are some of these developers, personalities and cartel businesses sitting on coins that they know are tarnished from the silk road and want to implement obfuscation practices so they can actually cash in some of the value they are unable to access? Merchants from the silk road 1 are still being caught even as recently as this year when they attempted to move coins that were known to have moved through the silk road. Chain analytics are only becoming more and more powerful and the records can never be changed under the original bitcoin protocol but with developer induced protocol changes like Schnorr signatures, and coinjoin it may be possible to start laundering these coins out in to circulation. I must admit with the cynicism I had towards government and law enforcement and my enjoying controlled substances occasionally I was sympathetic to Ross and donated to his legal fund back in the day and for many years claimed that I wouldn't pay my taxes when I wanted to cash out of bitcoin. I think many people in the space possess this same kind of mentality and subsequently can be preyed upon by people who wish to do much more in the obfuscation than dodge tax and party.
Another interesting observation is that despite the fact that btc spun off as a result of censorship around big block scaling on bitcoin, that subreddit itself has engaged in plenty of censorship for basically anyone who wants to discuss the ideas presented by Dr Craig Wright on that sub. When I posted my part 2 of this series in there a week ago I was immediately met with intense negativity and ad hominems so as to discourage others from reading the submission and my post history was immediately throttled to 1 comment every 10 mins. This is not quite as bad as cryptocurrency where my post made it through the new queue to gather some upvotes and a discussion started but I was immediately banned from that sub for 7 days for reason "Content standards - you're making accusations based on no evidence just a dump of links that do nothing to justify your claims except maybe trustnodes link (which has posted fabricated information about this subreddit mods) and a Reddit post. Keep the conspiracy theories in /conspiracy" My post was also kept at zero in bitcoin and conspiracy so technically btc was the least censored besides C_S_T.
In addition to the throttling I was also flagged by the u/BsvAlertBot which says whether or not a user has a questionable amount of activity in BSV subreddits and then a break down of your percentages. This was done in response to combat the "toxic trolls" of BSV but within bitcoincashSV there are many users that have migrated from what was originally supposed to be a uncensored subreddit to discuss bitcoin and many such as u/cryptacritic17 has have switched sides after having been made to essentially DOXX themselves in btc to prove that they aren't a toxic troll for raising criticisms of the way certain things are handled within that coin and development groups. Other prominent users such as u/jim-btc have been banned for impersonating another user which was in actual fact himself and he has uploaded evidence of him being in control of said account to the blockchain. Mod Log, Mod Damage Control, Mod Narrative BTFO. Interestingly in the comments on the picture uploaded to the blockchain you can see the spin to call him an SV shill when in actual fact he is just an OG bitcoiner that wanted bitcoin to scale as per the whitepaper.
What is essentially going on in the Bitcoin space is that there is a battle of the protocols and a battle for social consensus. The incumbent BTC has majority of the attention and awareness as it is being backed by legacy banking and finance with In-Q-Tel and AXA funding blockstream as well as Epstein associates and MIT, but in the power vaccum that presented itself as to who would steward the big block variant, a posse of cryptoanarchists have gained control of the social media forums and attempted to exert their will upon what should essentially be a Set In Stone Protocol to create something that facilitates their economic activity (such as selling explosives online)) while attempting to leverage their position as moderators who control the social forum to spin their actions as something different (note memorydealers is Roger Ver). For all his tears for the children killed in wars, it seems that what cryptoanarchists such as u/memorydealers want is to delist/shut down governments and they will go to any efforts such as censorship to make sure that it is their implementation of bitcoin that will do that. Are we really going to have a better world with people easier able to hide transactions/launder money?
Because of this power vacuum there also exists a number of different development groups but what is emerging now is that they are struggling for money to fund their development. The main engineering is done by self professed benevolent dictator Amaury Sechet (deadalnix) who in leaked telegram screen caps appears to be losing it as funding for development has dried up and money raised in an anarchist fashion wasn't compliant with laws around fundraising sources and FVNI (development society that manages BCH development and these donations) is run by known scammer David R Allen. David was founder of 2014 Israeli ICO Getgems (GEMZ) that scammed investors out of more than 2500 Bitcoins. The SV supported sky-lark who released this information has since deleted all their accounts but other users have claimed that sky-lark was sent personal details about themselves and pictures of their loved ones and subsequently deleted all their social media accounts afterwards.
There are other shifty behaviours like hiring Japanese influencers to shill their coin, recruiting a Hayden Otto that up until 2018 was shilling Pascal Coin to become a major ambassador for BCH in the Australian city of Townsville. Townsville was claimed to be BCH city hosting a BCH conference there and claiming loads of adoption, but at the conference itself their idea of demonstrating adoption was handing a Point of Sale device to the bar to accept bitcoin payments but Otto actually just putting his credit card behind the bar to settle and he would keep the BCH that everyone paid. In the lead up to the conference the second top moderator of btc was added to the moderators of townsville to shill their coin but has ended up with the townsville subreddit wanting to ban all bitcoin talk from the subreddit.
Many of the BCH developers are now infighting as funding dries up and they find themselves floundering with no vision of how to achieve scale or get actual real world adoption. Amaury has recently accused Peter Rizun of propagandising, told multiple users in the telegram to fuck off and from all accounts appears to be a malignant narcissist incapable of maintaining any kind of healthy relationship with people he is supposed to be working with. Peter Rizun has begun lurking in bitcoincashSV and recognising some of the ideas coming from BSV as having merit while Roger has started to distance himself from the creation of BCH. Interestingly at a point early in the BCH history Roger believed Dr Craig Wright was Satoshi, but once CSW wouldn't go along with their planned road map and revealed the fact he had patents on blockchain technology and wanted to go down a path that worked with Law, Roger retracted that statement and said he was tricked by Craig. He joined in on the faketoshi campaign and has been attempted to be sued by Dr Wright for libel in the UK to which Roger refused to engage citing grounds of jurisdiction. Ironically this avoidance of Roger to meet Dr Wright in court to defend his claims can be seen as the very argument against justice being served by private courts under an anarchocapitalist paradigm with essentially someone with resources simply being able to either flee a private court's jurisdiction or engage a team of lawyers that can bury any chances of an everyday person being able to get justice.
There is much more going on with the BCH drama that can be explained in a single post but it is clear that some of the major personalities in the project are very much interested in having their ideals projected on to the technical implementation of the bitcoin protocol and have no qualms spouting rhetoric around the anti-censorship qualities of bitcoin/BCH while at the same time employing significant censorship on their social media forums to control what people are exposed to and getting rid of anyone who challenges their vision. I posit that were this coin to become a success, these "benevolent dictators" as they put it would love their new found positions of wealth/dominance yet if their behaviour to get there is anything to go by, would demonstrate the same power tripping practices of censorship, weasel acts, misleading people about adoption statistics and curating of the narrative. When the hashrate from Rogers bitcoin.com minging operation on BCH dropped dramatically and a lot of empty blocks were being mined, his employer and 2IC moderator u/BitcoinXio (who stepped in to replace roger as CEO) was in the sub informing everyone it was simply variance that was the reason when only a few days later it was revealed that they had reduced their hash power significantly. This is not appropriate behaviour for one of the primary enterprises engaged in stewarding BCH and encouraging adoption nor is the inability to be accountable for such dishonest practices as well. It seems bitcoin.com treats btc as their own personal spam page where Roger can ask for donations despite it being against the sub rules and spin/ban any challenge to the narrative they seek to create.
Let's see how the censorship goes as I post this around a few of the same places as the last piece. Stay tuned for the next write up where I take a deep dive in to the coin that everyone doesn't want you to know about.
submitted by whipnil to C_S_T [link] [comments]

I got fired 3 week ago and got into depression, one of my best friends is a crypto trader. Instead of feeling shitty he want to teach me everything about crypto and he said that it might help me to understand the normal 9-6 job life is not the only way. here are the tips and resources he gave me:

i’m sharing it here because i’m sure that there are other people in my situation too and it will be great if i can help you exactly like how my friend helped me.
What i’m sharing here is what i wrote on my notebook while he was pitching the basics of crypto trading, I summarized it into few lists so it will be easier for you to follow:
General tips:
  1. If your mom send you a message asking “how to buy bitcoin”? it means you need to sell yours (not to her of course :P)
  2. Don’t put all your money on the exchange (he lost in the past some money on mt.gox).
  3. If you’re too lazy to print a paper wallet or so cheap you can’t buy Trezor, so don’t cry if you make some stupid mistakes and lose your login details/ get hacked.
  4. Don’t be afraid from charts, After you will get into trading you will find technical analysis like a children’s game, you just need to look for shapes and mark a line to understand where the risk is and than use your instincts, your brain(he claimed i don’t have any) and some useful new resources (i share them later on).
  5. there is too much information, if you will try to focus everything it will kill you and you will spend most of your profits on Advil. arrange yourself a useful resources and a comfortable working environment.
  6. Listen to Lofi while you trade/make decisions.
  7. don’t join random telegram groups or pump and dump groups. no-one open a traders group and invite you just because you have a beautiful smile. 97% of them have hidden interest. Try to attend for a local bitcoin meet up in your hometown or near by and than meet REAL people and REAL traders. Ask them if they have a friends traders group and ask to join, If they don’t agree say the
Trading tips:
  1. Altcoins - Vs. Bitcoin and Vs. USD: it's important to analyse the price against Bitcoin and against USD as well. Most major altcoins have huge USD trading
  2. What goes down – does not necessarily go up again: “I’ve seen Altcoins like Aurora which came down 99.99% of its record”.
  3. Day trading is a job. Consider the time spending on it when calculating your gains and losses.
  4. Don’t put all of your eggs in one basket: Diversify your crypto portfolio, and it's not shame to hedge to cash sometimes
  5. don’t risk something you can’t afford to lose.
“Give a man a good signal and he made profit for day, Teach him how to trade and will make a profit for a day “ (I made it now… And I wonder why I got fired) :P
He shared with me many of his resources and said that I need to check them to understand which one are useful for me and which isn’t.
News & Educational Websites:
Educational, Learn about real companies that using smart contracts - https://medium.com/swarmdotmarket/5-companies-already-brilliantly-using-smart-contracts-ac49f3d5c431
BitcoinWiki* - It’s like wikipedia, but for bitcoins… https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Main_Page
CryptoCoinChart - a cool alternative to coinmarketcap https://cryptocoincharts.info/
ICO’s - Before investing in ICO you need to check few things:
Whitepapaer- Before you buy electronic product on Amazon do you read about it? do you do the research? Do the same when you invest in ICO. Read the Whitepaper to fully understand the idea and the potential
submitted by leftycatchersmit to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Your Weekly /r/ethtrader Recap

Sunday, June 23 - Saturday, June 29
Top 10 Posts score link to comments
CNBC: "The decentralized internet (ETH) will be worth significantly more than store of value (BTC) 659 123 comments
On dopamine and cortisol (for hodlers) 398 73 comments
22:00 into the podcast - Atari is building a platform on Ethereum where developers are incentivized to work on different tasks related to game development. An Atari platform where anyone in the industry can log on and get paid to work. 380 26 comments
I expect the new Raspberry Pi 4 (4GB RAM option, external SSD) to handle an Eth2 validator node without breaking a sweat." -- Justin Drake 339 111 comments
ETH could soar to $900 312 141 comments
FT : Bitcoin’s second coming makes Wall Street think again on crypto 265 21 comments
Billionaire Investor Henry Kravis Makes First Crypto Investment -- Coinbase and MakerDAO 264 25 comments
Ubisoft developing Ethereum based games 218 29 comments
According to this chart, Ethereum is now exceeding 1 million transactions per day 214 33 comments
A Warning On Common Scams (Google Docs, Pump and Dump, ICOs, Fake Partnerships, Volume/Transactions) 182 12 comments
Top 5 Discussions score link to comments
The Race To Acquire 32 ETH For Staking Is About To Begin 138 82 comments
Today is an accumulation day 101 80 comments
Reality check boys and girls. Who knows what the most profitable industry of the last 100 years was? 92 77 comments
The ETH maximalist portfolio 36 57 comments
ETH Looking Cheap Versus Bitcoin 150 46 comments
Please let me know if you have suggestions to make this roundup better for /ethtrader. I can search for posts based off keywords in the title, URL and flair. And I can also search for comments.
If you would like this roundup sent to your inbox every day send me a message with the subject 'ethtrader'. Or if you only want a weekly roundup, use the subject 'ethtrader weekly'
However, I can do more.. you can have me search for any keywords you want on any subreddit you want. Send a message with the subject 'set ethtrader' and in the message: specify a number of upvotes that must be reached, and then an optional list of keywords you want to search for, separated by commas. You can have as many lines as you'd like, as long as they follow this format:
200 50, keyword1, another keyphrase, last example 
You can also do 'set ethtrader weekly' And you can replace ethtrader with any subreddit.
See my wiki to learn more: click here
submitted by subredditsummarybot to ethtrader [link] [comments]

XMR.RU-report (JULY)

I would like to remind you that we are a non-commercial community and that we do not advertise on our forum, Telegram Chat / Channel, etc. We have been asked to place ads more than once, but we always refuse. The official position of our community - if the service accepts Monero as a payment, then it has the right to create a topic on the forum and keep it up to date, as well as to be present in our chat room, in order to provide support to its customers if necessary.
If you like our work, donations are welcome (wallets at the end of this post).
Sup-sup Monteros!
Here is report from XMR.RU-team!
The whole XMR.RU team is thankful to you for your support and donations that help to disseminate relevant information about Monero.
The following articles were translated into Russian and posted not only on XMR.RU but also on Bitcointalk, Forum.Bits.Media, different crypto-chats etc.
If for some reason you would like to read the original article in English, then open the article you are interested in and at the end of each article you will find a link to the source:
Don't forget to check and subscribe to Monero Russian Community!
Few of you maybe understand Russian, but I think it is not difficult to subscribe to the channel and put a couple of likes, and this will help to spread Monero among Russian-speaking users in the future.
Who we are?
Group of Monero enthusiasts from Ukraine and Russia.
What are we doing?
We spread the word about Monero for the whole CIS.
You can support us.
XMR: 42CxJrG1Q8HT9XiXJ1Cim4Sz18rM95UucEBeZ3x6YuLQUwTn6UWo9ozeA7jv13v8H1FvQn9dgw1Gw2VMUqdvVN1T9izzGEt
BTC: 1FeetSJ7LFZeC328FqPqYTfUY4LEesZ5ku
Here you can see for what all donations are spent on. ;-)
submitted by TheFuzzStone to Monero [link] [comments]

The reason for GRLC going down in price...

I see way too much freaking out on here about GRLC price. Let's talk facts:
  1. The ATH (all time high) on GRLC was caused by a PND (pump and dump). Graph confirms and the tradesatoshi chat was full of PND tards at the time of the highs (I was there and made some good money that night that I just used to get more GRLC). Before the PND, we were below $2... we just happened to maintain above $2 after the PND likely due to the new interest that caused (it was most profitable coin on CoinMarketCap). We are just returning to the lows before then (and dipping a little lower admittedly).
  2. All crypto is based on BTC (Bitcoin) ultimately. Whether you like it or not BTC drives everyones value. BTC is super down right now due to multiple FUD stories (USD-T, India, Facebook, etc) and it's likely still correcting from the huge run-up it had at the end of last year. If BTC goes down, we go down too.
  3. TradeSatoshi is shit and the USD valuation you see is based on them. Enough said.
  4. You or the person browsing the web next to you (virtually... think network packets) is selling at super low prices. Stop it. Using GRLC is good. Sell it for goods and services. Cashing out at all time lows is stupid. Very stupid. Stop it.
  5. FUD. FUD kills hype. Stop spreading FUD. What is FUD?
  6. Bamboozles. Bamboozles = banboozels. Enough said. (contributed by u/Follow_youre_heart)
We'll recover. Things will be fine. u/DigitalizedOrange will get us on more exchanges and keep improving. Just keep being a good community and we'll ride this overall low in cryptocurrency out.
<3 you all
- the-philociraptor
edit: Added some clarification on terms that some might not be familiar with. Also added #6.
submitted by the-philociraptor to garlicoin [link] [comments]

What Happened To Namecoin (NMC) and Peercoin (PPC)?

What Happened To Namecoin (NMC) and Peercoin (PPC)?

Namecoin (NMC) and Peercoin (PPC) were well-known during the early days of altcoin trading. Back when CoinMarketCap launched in April 2013, Namecoin was number three, and Peercoin was number four, with only seven cryptocurrencies listed in total.
Both of these cryptocurrencies brought unique technology to the table and were perhaps considered major cryptocurrencies, but now they practically never come up in discussion. Here, we’ll explore what happened to Namecoin and Peercoin.
Namecoin (NMC): Decentralized DNS Service
Namecoin’s primary purpose was to provide a decentralized domain name service (DNS) system. The .bit top-level domain name is registered via Namecoin (NMC) transactions and is decentralized versus the typical .com domain names registered via ICANN.
Also, Namecoin (NMC) can be used to register personal identities like email, GPG, and Bitcoin addresses, which is possibly useful when doing peer to peer Bitcoin trading.
Unlike ICANN registered domains, .bit cannot be censored or seized and is also much more secure. Further, .bit domain names propagate within about 40 minutes, versus 24-48 hours for standard DNS.
This is certainly useful technology for the development of a decentralized web, but a study in 2015 found that there were only 28 active .bit domain names out of 120,000 that were registered. This is probably because .bit websites can only be viewed with NMControl, which requires Python and is optimal for Linux but hard to install on Windows.
Essentially, the barrier for figuring out how to view .bit websites practically makes it part of the deep web except it’s even harder to use than the Onion browser since the Onion browser works fine on Windows.
During the late 2013 rally, when Bitcoin first exceeded $1,000, Namecoin (NMC) reached a market cap of $100 million. During the long bear market that followed, Namecoin (NMC) dropped below a $3 million market cap in late 2016.
The major crypto rally of late 2017 saw the Namecoin (NMC) market cap spike to an all-time high of $133 million despite very little use of the Namecoin platform for its actual purpose.
Currently, Namecoin (NMC) has a market cap near $10 million and very weak total global volume of less than $20,000 per day. Namecoin is certainly unique but was not easy enough to use to fulfill its mission as a decentralized DNS protocol. That being said, the developer team is still active, and perhaps at some point in the future, they can revamp it to be easier to use.
Peercoin (PPC): The First Proof of Stake (PoS) Cryptocurrency
Peercoin (PPC) pioneered the Proof of Stake (PoS) algorithm, which is an energy efficient way to secure a blockchain and incentivize users to hold coins since they earn interest. Peercoin (PPC) is a hybrid of PoS and Proof of Work (PoW), and pays 1 percent interest per year.
Peercoin (PPC) hit a market cap of $150 million during the late 2013 rally when Bitcoin first exceeded $1,000, and then leveled off to $5 million during the long bear market in late 2016.
During the late 2017 crypto rally, the Peercoin (PPC) market cap hit an all-time high of $235 million. Currently, the Peercoin (PPC) market cap is $14 million with daily trading volume of $100,000 per day.
In summary, Namecoin (NMC) and Peercoin (PPC) both had unique characteristics. Namecoin provided a platform for decentralized DNS services, while Peercoin (PPC) was the very first PoS cryptocurrency.
Besides these unique characteristics, both coins have faded into obscurity. That being said, Namecoin (NMC) and Peercoin (PPC) seem to get revived during major crypto rallies, with both cryptocurrencies experiencing serious pump and dumps during the 2013 and 2017 crypto rallies. Since these coins are not dead, they will probably pump again when the next big crypto rally comes.
submitted by turtlecane to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

ethtrader Glossary of Terms

I recently introduced a friend to our humble, little subreddit and they quickly pointed out that the language spoken here did not appear to be English. I suppose we do toss around a fair amount of acronyms, memes, and slang. I put together a quick glossary of terms for them and figured I should post it here in case any other new ethtraders can benefit from it:

Trading Related:

Crypto-currency related, but not really specific to Ethereum:

Terms more specific to Ethereum


Any mistakes I made? Any terms you would add?
submitted by Basoosh to ethtrader [link] [comments]

Cryptocurrencies then and now

I first got interested in cryptocurrencies during the last bubble in late 2013. I bought in to the hype, bought some coins for cash, started trading, made some profit, made some losses, and ended up disillusioned when the bubble had finally popped and I was in the red. I put up a few sell orders and just waited until it would either die for good or come back alive like it has done now.
But what I saw then is repeating itself now, although in a slightly different shape. Back then people would create coins with new features such as proof of stake, new hashing algorithms that would be ASIC proof, some of them actually created coins that had some real life use like Monero and Darkcoin, or Dash as it's called now. But most of them were shitcoins only made for pump and dump purposes.
The new craze is ethereum based coins. Everyone and their uncle are making ICOs with the new best platform for a new revolutionary pointless purpose that makes no sense. Just like the shitcoins of 2013/2014 had pointless features that sounded cool but were pure fluff to make people horny enough to lose their minds and buy in to the hype so the creator could cash out a hefty bitcoin profit, leaving the bagholders wondering what the hell just happened. It's repeating itself this time too. I see people acting in the same nutty way that they did back then. Is this coin good? What should I invest in? What's the best coin and why is it $hit€oin? When will $shit€oin reach the moon? Quick, everyone buy this €rap€oin, it's going to the moon!
And so on, the trollbox is live and thriving everywhere you turn. Some are honestly asking, others are shilling, some are bots or fake accounts replying and saying they love the €oin because it has a revolutionary but pointless feature that everyone will never care about. You can also compare it to the Dot-com bubble where companies were started, venture capitalists poured their millions into ideas that sounded good on paper but no one knew how to do. But the hype was real, just look at where we are today, the internet is bigger than anyone could believe back then.
I think crypto currencies are the future just like the internet turned out to be, but it's the wild wild west right now. And don't get me wrong, I'm not asking for state regulation, it's inevitable either way, but I'd rather have it like this, decentralized, unpredictable, exciting and fascinating. But just remember that those of you who are just getting in to this, you are repeating the same mistakes that I and many others did in 2013/2014. You are the new cows that the whales are milking, you are the naive ones who're trying to make a quick buck by buying shitcoins, believing in ICOs and so on. Some of you will get it right, many out of pure luck, and a select few are able to see past the noise of the scams, ponzi schemes and outright frauds. I'm not saying I'm one of them, absolutely not, I just know that the previous bubble had the same pattern, but this time more people are aware and more cash is flowing in.
Don't take advice from Reddit. You can't trust anyone here. Assume that everything you read is a scam. The chance of it being legit is minuscule, I just refreshed coinmarketcap.com to copy/paste the number of listed coins, it was 837 before I refreshed and 840 after I refreshed. Do you see my point here? How many new coins are created per month? How many of the 840 listed coins are useful today? 5? 10? 20? 50? It's hard to define what useful is, but the vast majority of them are absolute trash.
Don't be a sheep, don't trust what a stranger online said about a coin, don't trust blogs, websites and youtubers who talk about the next big €oin that will make you fly on your personal NASA built rocket to the moon once you've staked 50 of them for a month.
But that's not to say that you shouldn't gamble, that's what we're here for, right? But don't trust their promises of some new magical properties that will revolutionize how dairy farmers trade the tons of methane that their cows produce. And yes, cows produce methane, but no, there's no coin that's trying to capitalize on that market. Yet? How about naming it ƒartcoin? I claim 10% of the premine if someone creates it. You heard it here first people.
If you've made it this far, keep in mind that the smaller coins that increase in value by e.g 200% in two weeks time most likely have no significant market cap, so if you try to sell a couple of bitcoins worth of coins, you might tank the price, so smaller coins are useless for any significant sums of money. But they're perfect for gambling purposes. Just remember that they're just that, shitcoins that you should get rid of as soon as possible. And don't take my advice, make an informed decision, I might be trying to fuck you over ( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°)
submitted by Rygerts to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

[Daily BAT Discussion] Dark Skies - October 18, 2018

October 18, 2018
Hey BAT pilots! Welcome to the Daily BAT Discussion!
Yesterday's Market Movements: Up
We're still seeing continued growth in BAT's price launching off the ZRX Coinbase hype. We continued to rise up hitting over 3300 but dropped back down to high 3100 satoshis this morning ($0.21). Our volume has increased dramatically, currently sitting at over 1.3k BTC of volume on Binance, which is around 10x our average a week or two ago. There's no telling how long this will last, so it's definitely an exciting moment. I think a lot of people are anticipating either an extreme dump or pump at any moment, haha. This is about the 3rd time that BAT is passing the 3k satoshi line in its lifetime. Bitcoin is also looking quite strong to me at the $6400 mark.
Have a good Thursday, fellows!
BAT's Official Telegram channel
Join us on the official BAT telegram! @BATProject
Current members: 5457
Here are some guides for new people getting into crypto, especially BAT. Invest responsibly!
Daily Discussion Rules
Remember, the permitted topics of discussion include, but are not limited to:
Oh hey, don't forget to upvote!
Disclaimer: All content on BAT Dailies are not affiliated with the official Brave or BAT team, and are solely run and provided by the BAT community unless otherwise stated. Market analysis and any (of my amateur) predictions are not financial advice!
submitted by dragespir to BATProject [link] [comments]

Hướng dẫn cách đầu tư Bitcoin năm 2019

Hướng dẫn cách đầu tư Bitcoin năm 2019
gần đây, giá bitcoin liên tục đi ngang (sideway) và có thể kể đây là một điều đáng ngờ vì giá bitcoin hiện tại đã đi đang trong 1 thời gian tương đối là dài nhưng xét về chart một năm thì cũng không sở hữu gì lạ, vì thị phần đang điều chỉnh, bất kỳ thị phần nào cũng thế, Anh chị để ý kỹ : lúc thị phần bds nâng cao tới kịch è cổ, sẽ kéo theo phần đông nhà đầu cơ mới và cũ, những dịch vụ nở rộ như nấm sau mưa. Và khi đã đến đỉnh, thị phần sẽ điều chỉnh, sở hữu thể là sẽ giảm mạnh, góc nhìn này là lúc nhìn về bds thế giới (riêng bds ở VN thì chỉ giảm nhẹ và đi ngang). Kéo theo đấy là những dịch vụ sẽ từ từ chết dần, đóng cửa dần, mình thí dụ rõ ràng như những đơn vị bds sẽ hoi hóp, đóng cửa,…Thị trường sẽ chậm lại, dần điều chỉnh cho đúng với bản chất của nó, công đoạn này sẽ mất cả năm, thậm chí 2-3 năm. Chỉ trừ các thị trường rất đặc trưng hài hòa : chính sách nhà nước tốt, kinh tế phát triển ổn định,… thì mang thể qua năm sau chúng ta sẽ bất đầu lại chu kỳ vững mạnh mới. Và điều này nó hoàn toàn đúng với các ngành khác như là : Chứng khoán, Vàng, dầu mỏ,… Và đa số các lĩnh vực này mang liên quan với nhau, bạn quan tâm nó như là 1 mẫu chảy của tiền, nó chảy về đâu là chỗ đấy dậy sóng.
Quay lại mang thị phần bitcoin đề cập riêng và crypto nói chung, Tôi cho rằng chúng ta đang còn bị fomo, và đang bị đu đỉnh, điều tôi rất buồn lúc phải nói ra là, chúng ta đã bị cá mập hốt, cá mập đã thoái vốn thành công và chúng ta rất khó mà mang thể lấy lại được số tiền đã mất. Nhưng điều tôi cảm thấy vui là, sau 2017 và 2018, cả toàn cầu đã biết đa dạng tới cryptocurrencyblockchain, những tổ chức đã vận dụng blockchain vào thực tiễn, đã và đang nghiên cứu để hoàn thiện khoa học sổ dòng blockchain. Riêng Cryptocurrency, đã với đa dạng nước trên thế giới ưng ý bitcoin là hàng hoá, là tài sản, đã đông đảo cửa hàng cho phép trả tiền bằng bitcoin, đã với hầu hết công ty fintech đang lao vào nghiên cứu và đầu tư bitcoin. Tôi còn nhớ y rằng đầu 2017, không người nào biết bitcoin là gì, huống chi là những đồng tiền khác, và giờ rất tất cả người đã biết nó, tiêu dùng bitcoin như thế nào, mua bitcoin ở đâu, bán bitcoin thế nào. Gần như các dấu hiệu đấy rất vui mừng cho những người nào đang yêu mến bitcoin.


sở hữu nên đầu tư bitcoin hay không ?

Đây là thắc mắc mà độc giả rất hay hỏi, tôi xin giải đáp một bí quyết đơn giản và hẳn nhiên là theo ý kiến tư nhân của tôi. Với niềm ham kỹ thuật blockchain, tiềm năng của bitcoin là vô biên, thì quý bạn đọc nên đầu tư vào bitcoinchỉ đầu tư vào bitcoin chứ không nên đầu tư vào đồng nào khác.
Tôi sẽ đưa ra 2 giảng giải về vấn đề này :
  1. BTC là đồng bạc chủ chốt và mang thể nói là trái tim của cryptocurrency sau 10 năm thành lập. Đến nay vẫn là hạt nhân và vẫn là số 1, trị giá vững bền nhất, thanh khoản cao trên những đại lý phân phối quốc tếđại lý phân phối Việt Nam. (Bạn có thể xem những bài viết trong chuyên mục sàn giao dịch trên thực đơn để chọn sàn mà chơi nhé)
  2. những đồng crypto khác hay được PR là khoa học nổi trội này nọ, nhưng theo tôi nghĩ sẽ cần 1 thời gian rất rất lâu nữa để nhiều khoa học ấy, và chưa tới khi đó có lẽ nó đã chết, còn bitcoin thì vẫn trường tồn, và bitcoin mang thể sẽ vận dụng những mẫu hay trong khoảng các khoa học ấy để tăng trưởng thêm. Ví dụ: lúc btc giá 20000 USD, lúc ấy fee thương lượng vô cùng cao, một đàm phán tốn phí 10-50$ và sau 1-2 tiếng, có lúc cả ngày người nhận mới nhận được btc khi bạn gửi. Ngày nay thì khác, 1 thương lượng btc chỉ tốn 0.01$, và chỉ mất 1-5p là người nhận nhận được rồi (bitcoin ứng dụng công nghệ lightning network1
Do btc sở hữu giá trị vững bền và là hạt nhân trọng điểm nên sự nâng cao giá của nó rất chậm so sở hữu các đồng coin khác, sở hữu thể nó chỉ nâng cao vài phần trăm 1 ngày, các đồng khác sở hữu thể giao động 20-50-100% một ngày, nhưng lúc giảm, btc cũng chỉ giảm rất ít, những đồng khác thì sml, nên việc đu đỉnh sẽ chẳng thể tránh khỏi ahihi, Nhưng bác nào thích giả mạo hiểm, với thời kì theo dõi, muốn ăn nhanh thắng nhanh thì chơi altcoin sẽ phù hợp hơn! Còn ai ít thời gian thì không nên chơi. Tôi ví dụ : đợt rồi với bạn đầu cơ những con như Bytecoin, Nxt, Trig,… và không theo dõi thường xuyên, khi những con đó bị xoá khỏi sàn, hết nơi thanh khoản – nghĩa là bạn sẽ chẳng thể bán đi đâu được nữa, thì coi như là bạn sẽ mất trắng… Xem tất cả thông tin về Bitcoin tại website bitcoinbd.org tại đây .
Vậy nên đầu cơ bitcoin vào thời điểm nào? Cũng giống như altcoin, đầu cơ vào bitcoin thì giảm thiểu đu đỉnh, và phải coi xét về lâu về dài như thế nào? Nếu bạn mua bitcoin khi 19000 thì bạn xác định là bị đu và không biết bao giờ mới mang thể về bờ, Nên hãy chọn giá đúng, đừng tham quá, và đặt ra tiêu chí. Bạn muốn ăn lời 50% trong khoảng bitcoin, lúc bạn mua giá Bitcoin khi 6300$, vậy thì lúc Bitcoin bay lên 9300$ thì bạn phải bán, đừng tham lúc nghĩ nó lên tiếp nhé. Hãy chờ thời cơ tiếp theo và hy vọng đừng bị đu đỉnh, ở trên đỉnh nó lạnh lắm.
Theo quan điểm tư nhân tôi thì ngưỡng 5500-6000$ là ngưỡng tuyệt vời ví như bạn muốn lưu trữ bitcoin lâu dài, và nên đầu tư phần tiền nhỏ hàng tháng nhé.

các cách đầu tư bitcoin đa dạng

một. Lướt sóng

Đây có lẽ là cách thức mà nhà đầu tư Việt Nam hay dùng nhất, nó thuần tuý, dễ hiểu, và rất dễ làm cho, đó là mua tốt, bán cao. Lúc bạn mua bitcoin lúc giá 6000$, và khi btc tăng lên 12000$ mang nghĩa 1 bit bạn đã lãi 6000$. Lướt sóng thì phân chia ra lướt sóng ngắn (short) và lướt sóng dài (long)
  • mang sóng ngắn, bạn phải Nhìn vào rất thường xuyên, theo dõi hàng ngày, cả ngày theo dõi dấu hiệu,…nhằm mục đích ăn 5-10%. Ví dụ khi chưng mua btc hay altcoin khi giá X, Quan sát, theo dõi nó liên tiếp, lúc đến thời điểm, nó bùng tăng hoặc giảm bla bla bla gì ấy, cảm thấy mãn nguyện thì cắt, ăn 3-5% cũng vui rồi, đó là nguyên tắc cơ bản khi lướt sóng ngắn.
  • mang Sóng dài, là giai đoạn đầu cơ vào coin và lưu trữ dài hạn, cố nhiên cũng phải mang một chỉ tiêu là lãi bao nhiêu phần trăm để bán chốt lời, thì việc này không đòi hỏi chuẩn xác rộng rãi thời gian nghiên cứu, bạn chỉ cần tin tưởng vào đồng coin bạn thích, mua nó, và lưu trữ nó. Phải chăng nhất là lưu trên các ví lạnh, không nên lưu trên sàn, hoặc lưu ở các ví uy tín như blockchain, coinbase,… có hình thức này mình khuyên Cả nhà nên đầu tư coin top, đừng chơi coin rác, coin nhỏ, tránh bị delist khi mình không theo dõi nó thường xuyên!
Năm 2017, sở hữu thể là năm của hodler trong khi chỉ cần hold là thắng lớn, nhưng năm 2018 là năm downtrend thì giá cứ giảm liên tiếp, việc hold sẽ làm thịt chết bạn. Nên tuỳ vào thị trường và tầm nhìn của từng cá nhân mà bạn nên chọn cho mình cách thức đầu tư hợp lý nhất nhé.
Tôi cũng chia sẻ cho Các bạn vài câu chuyện thú vị can hệ đến tradecoin. Năm 2017, khá là phổ thông nhà đầu tư thắng lớn, mang các bạn chỉ 22t mà đã kiếm cả trăm tỷ nhờ vào trade và toàn bộ cao thủ ẩn danh khác, do biết đón sóng và nắm bắt tốt nên rất thành công, cứ dựa vào tín hiệu là quất, tín hiệu phải chăng là khiêu vũ vào và cứ hold, kiểu gì cũng x10 x20 x30 tuỳ coin và vì vậy sinh ra phần nhiều tỷ phú crypto tại VN. Năm 2018, sở hữu thể là ngược lại, trong khi tín hiệu phải chăng cũng không kéo nổi, và theo mình nghĩ nó không theo bất kỳ quy luật nào cả, người nào không tham thì sống, người nào tham lam thì sẽ chết, nhắc Các bạn đầu cơ giỏi, minh chứng là phổ biến bạn đã thua ít ra 10 tỷ mặc dù kinh nghiệm sương máu phần đông. Lực lượng cá mập VN cũng đã hụt hẫng khi cháy tài khoản lên tới hàng triệu đô la. Và có thể nói năm nay là năm của cá mập thực sự, 2017 có thể mình là cá to, nhưng 2018 sẽ bị con cá to khác nuốt trộng, không tuân theo quy luật hay dấu hiệu nào cả, gọi là gì nhỉ, bump and dump, thói quen theo dõi tin tức, để tạo ra quy luật pump and dump, đôi khi tham gia những kênh tín hiệu, cũng là phải chăng mà cũng là xấu trong khi dấu hiệu báo ra lúc 15h, mà tận 16,17h Cả nhà khiêu vũ vào thì thành mồi mất tiêu rồi. Hoặc là lợi dụng, đồn đãi tin fud lẫn nhau… nhằm làm thịt chết Anh chị em gà, chiên non. Thành ra hãy rất thận trọng nhé !

2. Máy đào

Đây là hình thức cũng hơi đa dạng tại Việt Nam, ấy là đầu cơ máy đào tiền ảo, máy đào bitcoin,… Là một hình thức mua 1 máy với sức mạnh giải mã cao, để giải mã các thuật toán và phần thưởng là coin, tỉ dụ máy đào bitcoin thì đào ra được bitcoin, máy đào ethereum thì sẽ đào ra được ethereum
Hàng chục ngàn máy đào đã được du nhập ồ ạt vào Việt Nam trong năm qua là minh chính của độ nóng của máy đào lúc trend lên. Khi trend xuống thì sml không kịp ngáp, khi mà nhà nhà bán tháo dỡ, bán thấp,… Tuy nó ngon, nhưng người Việt Nam mình mang một cái rất hay, khiến cho việc không sở hữu quy hoạch, Nó Ngon là nhảy đầm vào đồng loạt, bất chấp giá,…và chỉ tính toán trên hồ sơ 2-3 tháng hoàn vốn, nhưng không ngờ…

3. Các nhà sản xuất sở hữu can dự đến bitcoin và crypto

– Mua bán bitcoin, alcoin
Đây là nhà cung cấp khá nhiều ở Việt Nam, theo tôi nhớ hồi tôi mới tham gia thì khoảng 10-20 bạn đầu cơ, đứng ra trung gian mua bán bitcoin, altcoin. Hiện tại, sơ sơ ít ra 200 người tham gia việc mua bán này, ai ai cũng có thể tham gia và đầu tư.
Hình thức đầu tư khá là đơn giản: khi bit giá 148tr, khách cần bán thì bạn mua, và bạn tìm khách mua để bạn bán lại có giá 150tr, tức thị lãi 2tr 1 bit. Việc này phải làm cho nóng, hạn chế để lâu nhé, Mình tỉ dụ : giá bit đi ngang 148tr liên tiếp trong hai ngày, bạn không bán liền tay, vô tình bit giảm xuống 145tr, bạn hoang mang lo sợ, nhưng biêt sao được, phải cắt lỗ thôi, lỗ 3tr, còn đỡ hơn giả dụ với sóng xuống tận 140tr thì lỗ hẳn 8tr 1 bit. Còn ví như bản lĩnh nghĩ nó lên lại thì chờ nó lên lại rồi bán. Bởi thế nghành này đòi hỏi bạn phải nhanh, phải uy tín, sở hữu người dùng tìềm năng, và cố nhiên phải mang vốn thì mới mang thể giam gia được. Ngoài bitcoin, bạn có thể mua bán USDT, ETH, BCH, XRP,…
những bắt buộc khi tham dự mua bán bitcoin, altcoin :
  • Uy tín : khách mới tin tưởng được
  • phổ thông Tiền : thì mới mang vốn mua bán được.
  • Online 18/24 : khi có khách khiêu vũ vô giải đáp liền, không thì khách sẽ nhảy qua người khác ngay.
  • Hiểu Biết về Crypto, căn bản thôi là được.
Tiến bộ hơn là bạn có thể đầu tư mở sàn giao dịch, nhà sản xuất mua bán tự động, sở hữu thể kể năm 2018 là năm nở rộ của những sàn phân phối, dịch vụ mua bán tự động. Đòi hỏi tài chính to, uy tín cao, chiến lược phải chăng,…
hiện giờ thì tại Việt Nam, có rất nhiều nhà cung cấp uy tín, ví như bạn muốn mua bitcoin thì có thể tiêu dùng Vicuta, Huobi OTC,…hoặc mang thể xem thêm top 5 sàn mua bitcoin tốt nhất Việt Nam
Hướng dẫn chi tiết cách đầu tư Bitcoin tại : https://bitcoinbd.org/dau-tu-bitcoin-huong-dan-cach-choi-bitcoin/
submitted by namnguyen1998 to u/namnguyen1998 [link] [comments]

For the first time, well known Bitcoin maximalist Tuur Demeester given Ethereum some reasonable respect and attention - but be skeptical

For the first time, well known Bitcoin maximalist Tuur Demeester has given Ethereum some reasonable respect and attention - but be skeptical
Demeester is a well-known maximalist, Technical Analysis B.S. pumper dumper, and he’s is not opposed to spreading misinformation in order to deter Ethereum’s success. While I would love to think that he’s finally coming to terms with the reality of the blockchain space, I remain quite skeptical. But coming from the position that everyone deserves more than second chances, I feel his recent Medium post is as close to even handed I’ve seen these highly biased maximalists get. Maybe he’s begun bargaining, or maybe this is just another ploy to setup a pump-dump ETC scam. We’ll see.
To my surprise, there are several risks and benefits he highlights with Bitcoin and Ethereum that find very reasonable. However, while more even handed than normal for maximalists, there are quite a few holes in his medium post too. Here’s a few.
Ethereum is “Less backwards compatible”
I’m not sure what is meant by this. Without additional details, I can see arguments that support and reject this notion.
“On track towards a more centralized future”
If anything, Ethereum’s platform allow “decentralize all the things” far more than Bitcoin. Also, the Devs are quite a large consortium now, no longer an group lead by the Ethereum Foundation alone. The fact that these different groups get along and come to terms doesn’t mean they are centralized.
“Transaction finality is less certain”
If this is in reference to the DAO exploit fix, I’ll repeat a reference that highlights Bitcoin nonsensical arguments of Code is Law. The CVE attack, which while we could split hair as to whether it is the same thing, it is clear it means that Bitcoin, in its history, rolled back the entire fucking blockchain to fix an exploit. Ethereum never rolled back the blockchain; Etheruem only “reverse” a transaction. During Bitcoin’s rollback, mined coined were invalidated! Even those not attributed to the exploit. They literally rolled the blockchain back! Code is Law? Immutable? My ass! Now, Bitcoin’s rollback was needed, but my forceful language is to express how fucking stupid the Ethereum criticism is. Both were smart, community voted and decided, actions.
“Core dev Vlad Zamfir: Ethereum isn’t money, safe, or scalable” and the “different visions”
Vlad also noted that Ethereum “might be” safer than other blockchains, arguing that the entire space is experimental (this is quite a misrepresentation of his argument)
Inflation unknown
“unknown” doesn’t mean no information. The inflation rate is known to be trivial. This is the biggest strawman argument I’ve seen from maximalists. Value is supply and demand, and given the expected trivial issuance, Ethereum may end up deflationary.
These are just from my quick read. The Flippening will happen. It can't be stopped anymore. It is great to see someone as maximalist as Demeester starting to come to terms (maybe). But what am I missing?
submitted by BitEther to ethtrader [link] [comments]

XRP is a no brainer

Well first off, I'll simplify this:
  1. Ripple has a very big list of employees who have many years of tech experience and are constantly trying to hire the best tech engineers.
  2. Their CEO Brad Garlinghouse, has been involved in many start up companies that have thrived. www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brad_Garlinghouse
  3. There are countless banks who have signed up to be a part of XRP. There are many crypto trading platforms that are now using XRP. Japan and Korea are now using XRP for buisness purposes. www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ripple_(payment_protocol)
  4. They are constantly in the news talking about the future of payment transactions. www.ripple.com/press-cente
  5. Ripple Hires Former Business Director at SWIFT gpi Marjan Delatinne. www.ripple.com/insights/ripple-hires-former-business-director-swift-gpi-marjan-delatinne/
  6. They are still a penny stock but XRP market cap is catching up to Bitcoin. www.coinmarketcap.com/
  7. They are constantly having world wide meetings that involve big global banks www.ripple.com/events/
Come on its a no brainer. You have to HOLD your coins, these guys really know what they are doing. They got so many investors involved that you loss track of them after a while. It used to be that there was only one news article a week with XRP, now its at least 2-3 and some times more news articles a day about projects, sign ups and events. And its still a penny stock?! Why in the hell would they still be worth pennies and have a mega market cap like they have right now? Obviously they are building consumer confidence. And in the world of cryptocurrency, you just dont know when their will be a pump and dump or a big whale that comes riding along flapping his fins.
My stand is with XRP. When BTC made history and sky rocketed to new highs, that was the birth of all these ALT coins. Every coin has its purpose and use. XRP is for the banks. Study and look into all these banks and companies that are heavily involved with Ripple. Look at their stock chart price, you will tend to see that these banks stock values are $100 a share, $300 a share, $500 a share, $1000 a share. They know what they are doing, they are building world wide trust with mega players. And when the time is right, you wont see XRP as a little penny coin worth $.30 with a market cap of $13 billion. What other coin is like this?
BTC $2100, market cap $35 billion
ETH $165, market cap $15 billion
XRP $.33, market cap.... $12 billion....? (SUPPRESSION!)
submitted by jorgesanchez1984 to Ripple [link] [comments]

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